Prostate cancer may cause no signs or symptoms in its early stages. Prostate cancer that's more advanced may cause signs and symptoms such as:
Treatment depedns on the stage of cancer, as well as the general medical condition of the patient.
A procedure called radical prostatectomy may be recommended if the tumour is localised at the prostrate. It involves the complete removal of the prostate.
Though uncommon, chemotherapy helps improve symptoms of prostate cancer if hormone therapy is ineffective.
Hormonal therapy is commonly used to treat prostate cancer when it has spread or in combination with radiation therapy when the cancer is locally advanced or high risk.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy targeted x-rays to treat cancer.
The Radiation Oncologist determines the most appropriate method and discusses with you the treatment intent, schedule, risks and side-effects.
A CT scan of the treatment area will be obtained, while three small full-stop size marks are made to ensure accurate positioning during your daily treatment.
A multidisciplinary team produces a customised treatment plan for you.
Radiation therapy for prostate cancer is delivered daily (Mondays to Fridays) for about eight weeks. Each treatment session lasts 20 minutes.
Your first follow-up appointment varies depending on how you do during treatment, and is usually about four to twelve weeks after you have completed the course of radiation therapy.
3DCRT delivers very precise doses of radiation to the prostate and spares surrounding normal tissue through a machine called a linear accelerator.
IMRT involves varying (or modulating) the intensity of the radiation being delivered during treatment. Compared to 3DCRT, this technique can deliver more tightly focused radiation beams to cancerous tumours while reducing the amount n of radiation to surrounding healthy tissues.
HDR Brachytherapy is able to deliver extremely high doses of radiation therapy to tumours with minimal normal tissue effects through the use of Iridium-192 sources placed directly at the tumour site through the use of specialised applications.
You will experience minimal side effects in the first one or two weeks after your radiation therapy session. Many of these side effects will improve over time and some can be controlled with medication. Inform your doctor or nurse if you are experiencing any discomfort so they can help you feel better.
Immediate benefits of less airway irritation with less cough and shortness of breath.
Even gently short bouts of activity helps! Improves mood, reduces fatigue, and helps with appetite.
Inform your doctor if you are taking medications, to make sure that they are safe to use during radiation therapy.
Avoid hot or cold packs and only use lotions and ointments after checking with your doctor or nurse. Clean the affected area with lukewarm water and mild soap
Mental and emotional health is as important as physical health. It might be helpful to talk to counsellors or join a cancer support group.
It is good to have someone who can help to keep track of hospital appointments and medications prescribed.
Get plenty of rest during treatment.
Makes you feel better, have fewer side effects, and allows you to fight infections better.
Senior Consultant Radiation Oncologist, Medical Director, MBBS (Aust), FRANZCR (Radiation Oncology)
Dr Tang obtained his medical degree from the University of Newcastle, Australia in 1998 and completed his house officer training at the Hunter Area Health Service, Australia before returning to Singapore to start his specialty training in Radiation Oncology at the National University Hospital (NUH). After obtaining his fellowship from the Royal Australian College of Radiologist (FRANZCR) in 2006, Dr Tang underwent fellowships in breast brachytherapy at University of Wisconsin and Arizona Breast Cancer Specialist Centre as well as prostate brachytherapy, skin and paediatric fellowships at Peter Maccallum Cancer Institute, Australia.
Dr. Johann Tang is an experienced radiation oncologist who aims to deliver the highest level of care to his patients. With ethics and empathy held at the core of our practice, we strive to understand your individual needs and provide care that is compassionate and responsive.
Mon – Fri: 8:30am – 5:30pm
Sat: 8:30am – 1:00pm
Sun & Public Holidays: Closed